This was a pioneer ancestor's explanation of how to wash clothes: "Receit for washing clothes:
1. bild fire in backyard to heet kettle of rain water. 2. set tubs so smoke won't blow in eyes if wind is peart. 3. shave one hole cake lie soap in bilin water. 4. sort things, make three piles, one pile white, one cullard, one werk britches and rags. 5. stwr flour in cold water to smooth then thin down with bilin water for starch. 6. rub dirty spots on bord, then scrub hard, then bile, rub cullard but don't bile, just rench and starch. 7. take white things out of kettle with broomstick handle, then rench, blue and starch. 8. spred tee towels on grass. 9. hang old rags on fence. 10. por rench water in flower bed. 11. scrub porch with hot sopy water. 12. turn tubs upside down. 13. go put on a clean dress, smooth hair with side combs, brew cup of tea, set and rock a spell and count your blessings."