Samuel R. Burroughs 


From the Buffalo Express May 7, 2003
taken from "The Flo News" written by Norma Moore

          Samuel R. Burroughs was born in Alabama in 1842, the son of Benjamin and Louisa Fair (Burton) Burroughs.  His father and mother had lineages of patriotic citizens who proudly served of the military cause, being outstanding of the freedom of our American today.
          Both his parents of Scottish, Irish, French and English coming to America from England to have the freedom of the Christian and free speech beliefs came before the revolutionary war.  His ancestors first settled in Maryland.  Each generation the Burroughs men held top honor positions of the military force of their era of time.  Sam's father served as Captain of the 18th Regiment of the 5th Brigade, 2nd division of the Alabama state Militia.  He with personal integrity studied medicine and civil engineering and he wanted the best for his children made it possible for Sam to obtain a proper education.
          In 1845 Sam moved to Texas with his parents.  Sam was 3 years old when the family first settled in Sabine County where his dad obtained a prominent position as a planter.  The family then moved to Palestine where his dad Benjamin served as county surveyor and then in 1863, the family moved to Raymond, Leon County, Texas.
          Benjamin devoted in Sam receiving the best education that was available, made arrangements for him to attend school at Melrose Nacogdoches County.  Then Sam attended the Palestine High School and Mound Prairie Institute in preparation of the medical field to be a doctor.  Sam was to graduate at the end of the term in 1861.
          The call of duty in the confederacy army took priority in Sam's life.  He enlisted in March of 1861 leaving the graduation and his medical career at a stand still.  The duty to his country was far more important than his personal gain.
          Sam suffered the harshest hardships that were almost beyond comprehension.  He joined the Co. G First Texas Regiment of General Hoods Brigade, the Army of Virginia.  The marching to Virginia was brutal, Sam with one shirt, one pair of pants and no shoes, suffered from blisters, frost bite, hunger, dysentery, chills, fevers, and the flux.  This caused Sam to be sent to the hospital.  He serving, knew God had to have a special mission for him.
          Sam faced many more events, some being much more harsh hardships.  Sam with his regiment saw action of many battles.  His fighting days came to an end when he was captured by General McCook's bodyguard.  He remained in prison under guard until he was released from the confederate war.
          Sam in despair, hungry, cold, and suffering from other diseases at the point of death, often wondered why God let him live.  Upon a failed escape from the prison Sam, being a main leader, received greater punishment.  The worst one was when he and others were very ill with small pox.  They were sent to the livery stable.  Sam so ill with the disease suffered agony for a month.  The livery stable with colder, wet conditions and death all around him, again wondered why he survived.
          Sam's life was about to change from despair to a more fortunate lifestyle.  One morning when Sam was improving, he was looking at the medication.  The doctor in charge asked Sam if he could read the medication and with a yea reply, he was placed in charge of the dispensary and held this position until his release from the Confederate War.  Sam was given a New confederate suit, and he earned great respect of Dr. Whitehill, the medical advisor.
          Upon his release he was given transportation to Texas.  However, he had to walk from Shreveport Louisiana to Palestine, Texas where he had left his family.  His parents thinking he was dead were in shock and praising God all at the same time.  They could hardly believe it was him, his mother found it a sorrow she couldn't recognize him.
          Sam Burroughs and Honorable Confederate Hero also all leading Leon County physician was a most remarkable gentleman.  He with faith in God and relying on his trust in God truly was a special servant of missions of mercy for God, his country, and for his Leon County.  He was recognized as an outstanding gentleman who accomplished many great things in his lifetime.
          Sam was faithful to write letters to his family all during the time he was a confederate soldier.  Even when he was captured and put in prison, he wrote and sent letters on a regular basis.  Sam's poem he wrote while in prison during the war is a southern historical document.
          Samuel R. Burroughs's prison poem says:
"Kindred spirit wilt thou descend from thine eternal doom
     and tell us why we thus must spend the bloom of life in a dungeon home? 
Oh, tell us why this lot of ours to wear away this life so dear
     whilst the mellow day doth greet the flowers and the mother cheek doth mark a tear? 
When shall we from this prison go to greet those loved ones far away
     when leave this hated pit of woe and bash beneath the brightest ray? 
Oh let thine answer be quick and clear expel the gloom that's round us thrown
     take from the cheek the trembling tear and give us exit free to roam."
This is Sam's poem while confined at Camp Douglass.

Additional information submitted by Ollie Burroughs, November 29, 2007

Samuel is Raymond Burroughs grandson.  Raymond was born in Ireland, County Mayo in 1770.  Samuel's father, Benjamin, was born in GA 01 Mar 1819 to Raymond Burroughs & Elizabeth Harris Foster, and died in TX in 1904. Raymond is my 3rd g-grandfather.  Raymonds parents were John R. Burroughs b. abt. 1749 and Mary E. (maiden name unknown) b. abt. 1751 in Ireland.
Our lineage of the Burroughs name starts with Hubert de Burgh of France fighting with Richard the Lion Hearted during the Crusades. In the mid to late 12th century Hubert d Burgh arrives in Ireland during the Invasion of Ireland and afterward makes his home.  His brother, William de Burgh (the Conqueror) is also in Ireland. Several families branch out from the de Burgh family, but using a variation of the name, one of the most widely used in Ireland today is Burke.
Burroughs is one also, I find it first recorded in the early 13th century in Ireland, County Cavan, Castle Bagshaw, where John Burroughs was titled "Earl"